Water pollution affects my community because of all of the people that enjoy the water. If the water is polluted, no one can enjoy it. The water is also needed to drink. Members of my family and community believe that it is important to keep our water clean. Keeping our water clean is necessary for our health.
This issue affects households and local residents because it can be hazardous to our health. The water near oceans need to be kept clean because that is where the water comes from. Area business is affected because water pollution can affect how much water is sold and distributed for each business. The issue affect the local government because they are responsible for ensuring that our water is clean and it makes them seem unreliable. At the state level, water pollution can make water from that state seem unclean and it will not be sold. At the national level, having polluted water affects whether people decide to even go to the beaches or drink certain water.
For the rest of the world, water pollution can largely affect them. The Untied States is always sending water to countries that needs it. If the water is polluted, the people cannot drink the water. Water pollution can also affect resources, goods and services, and finances. Resources like water purifiers and plastic will not be trusted or used as much. Water bottles, at home water purifiers, and water distribution will go down. Finances will not be as largely available.
Necessary conditions for any possible solution to work includes cooperation, money, resources, and workers. There are budget and labor concerns. A budget and labor are needed to clean up rivers, lakes, and streams. Yes, the public needs to be aware of and support the solution. Challenges to implementing each solution would be needing large factories to find alternative dumping facilitites. Another challenge would also be making sure all of the water that is not in the rivers and streams are clean. The community would need to be a help in this issue also.
I would judge possible solutions against each other based on the pros and cons. I would also base it on my criteria which includes it being easy to do, beneficial in the long & short term, and not too expensive. My parents say that the issue is major. The issue is a big concern because of the safety hazards that it has on the people. Yes, possible externalities should factor into the chosen solution.
To address this issue, we could be sure to stop littering and recycle. We could also write letters to the mayor expressing our concerns about landfills. Others, like large factories, could stop dumping their waste in the water and find alternative ways to get rid of their trash. There are multiple perspectives on the best way to address the problem.
If the water pollution is stopped, there are endless positive externalities for each sector of the economy. Their could be some negative externalities though for households because of the cost to clean the water. The government may increase the tax price on bottled water and households will have to pay more. Water bills will also increase. Businesses will flourish though because consumers know that they are getting fresh, clean water.
Incentives that individuals have to act on each possible solution include that they will have clean water to drink. The environment will also be cleaner which makes for a healthier world to live in. Businesses have incentives that include having clean water that will give them a good reputation. The good reputation will help businesses to thrive. The government has incentives to act on each possible solution, mainly, because that is what they are supposed to do. The government could also provide clean drinking water for countries that need it.
Positive externalities that could result from not littering and to start recycling is a cleaner world. If we have a cleaner world, we could increase our expected life span. Cleaning up our landfills and finding alternative ways to get rid of waste could possibly affect a different country because we may start dumping trash there. A positive externality would be having more wildlife because waste would not be killing them. Prices of homes and land would also increase. Having large factories find alternatives to dumping waste could make their businesses thrive because they are helping the world and environment. Overall, if we have clean water then more countries will want to trade with the United States.
Analyze & Choose
1. How does each possible solution for your chosen issue meet or fail to meet each of your criteria? Explain.
Stopping littering and start recycling fully meets my criteria. This would be something that is easy to do and results will be seen quickly. The price would also be low. Writing letters to the mayor about our landfills would be easy to do and our voices will be heard. If the mayor acts accordingly, results could be seen fairly quickly and, in the long run, our environment would be much nicer. The price would be expensive, but it would help out a lot. The final solution would be to have large factories find alternative ways to get rid of their waste. This would not be an easy solution because some may not be too open to the idea. It would take a lot of money and convincing.
2. Based on your research, which is the best solution to turn into action? Explain why you made this choice over the other possible solutions.
Based on my research, the best possible solutions would be both to clean the landfills and to start recycling. These two solutions together would help one another. Slowly, ninety-five percent of the recyclable waste in landfills would be recycled. Starting the recycling project and cleaning the landfills would reduce the amount of waste in landfills and increase the number of recycled products. I chose these two solutions over the other because it would be a small step that would have a big impact. By cleaning the landfills and recycling, factories may feel obligated to do the same without needing to force them to do anything.
Coleridge, Samuel. “Water.” http://www.enviroliteracy.org/category.php/14.html.
“Water Rights.” http://www.nature.nps.gov/water/flow.cfm.